Federal Skilled Worker Cap 2013 – Occupations Still Available

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Federal Skilled Worker Program – Eligible Occupation Stream

Federal Skilled Worker  Cap 2013 ,  updated March 17, 2014. 

If you would like to apply under the Federal Skilled Worker Program, your occupation may still available to apply without an arranged Canadian Job Offer !! Check out the newest update from CIC about the Applications Cap

Eligible occupation(by National Occupational Classification [NOC] code)Number of complete applications counted towards the 300 sub-cap
Footnote*
0211   Engineering managers300 (Cap reached)
1112   Financial and investment analysts

300 (Cap reached)

2113   Geoscientists and oceanographers93
2131   Civil engineers300 (Cap reached)
2132   Mechanical engineers300 (Cap reached)
2134   Chemical engineers300 (Cap reached)
2143   Mining engineers13
2145   Petroleum engineers139
2144   Geological engineers13
2146   Aerospace engineers64
2147   Computer engineers (except software engineers/designers)300 (Cap reached)
2154   Land surveyors45
2174   Computer programmers and interactive media developers

300 (Cap reached)

2243   Industrial instrument technicians and mechanics171
2263   Inspectors in public and environmental health and occupational health and safety300 (Cap reached)
3141   Audiologists and speech-language pathologists27
3142   Physiotherapists300 (Cap reached)
3143   Occupational Therapists70
3211   Medical laboratory technologists300 (Cap reached)
3212   Medical laboratory technicians and pathologists’ assistants187
3214   Respiratory therapists, clinical perfusionists and cardiopulmonary technologists30
3215   Medical Radiation Technologists82
3216   Medical Sonographers50
3217   Cardiology technologists and electrophysiological diagnostic technologists47

*All information above is from CIC Website.

If your occupation already reach the application cap, you can stat preparing your application for the next year. There are several requirements and documents that may take quite a long time to obtain. You can click here to view the requirements for Federal Skilled Worker Program.

More options for Skilled Worker: Click Here

1 The number of complete federal skilled worker applications received as of May 4, 2013 is an estimate.
2 The Occupation Cap in this blog post is updated on March 17, 2014, contact us to see the most recent update of your occupation caps.
3 The cap year for eligible occupation stream began on May 4, 2013, and will end on April 30, 2014, unless otherwise stated by the Minister.
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How To Have The Best Job Interview in Canada

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In Canada there are different methods a hiring manager may use to conduct a job interview. If you are outside of Canada, the job interview may take place by telephone or Skype. If you are residing in Canada then most likely the job interview will take place in the office of the company or organization that you are applying for employment.

Job interviews in Canada may be different from interviews in other countries. While it is important to always be

professional and prepared for the interview, in Canada job interviews can be a relaxed two way conversation. The hiring manager will ask you questions and at the end of the interview you will be expected to ask questions to the interviewer. During the interview the hiring manager will want to see your personality and how well you interact with others. Hiring managers place a lot of value on how well a potential job applicant will fit into the workplace and be a part of the team.

Here are top tips for job interviews in Canada:

  • Research the company that you will be meeting with. How long have they been in business? Who are their major customers? Have they received any awards recently?  You should learn more about the company from their website and also look at relevant industry news in Canada.Job interview
  • Make sure you have mapped out where your job interview will be.  You should prepare to arrive at least 15 minutes early.  Make sure you have planned transportation and parking to allow for extra time in case of a delay.
  • Professional dress.  Even if you are applying for a less formal position or the work environment is casual, you will want to dress to impress.  For men that means a shirt with a collar and a tie and for women that can be a long sleeved blouse with skirt or trousers. Keep shoes clean and have a tidy appearance. Before you go into the office, visit a bathroom and make sure you have a neat look. First impressions count.
  • Extra copies of your resume.  Bring with you a neat folder with two extra copies of your resume and one sheet of your references with contact details. You can also include a copy of a reference letter.  This is helpful for the person interviewing you as they may need to share your resume and references with their manager. Providing a list of references  shows the hiring manager you are prepared for the job.

Before you have your job interview, it is important to practice your job interview questions. You can ask a friend to pretend to be the hiring manager and ask you questions. Then when you have the actual  job interview you will feel more comfortable and at ease. But try not to sound too rehearsed.

Common questions that you may have in a job interview in Canada are:

professional dress

  • Tell us about yourself. For this question (and all interview questions keep the answers to 3 minutes long) they want to understand your previous work background. Always keep your answers positive and highlight the projects you did well on.
  • What major challenges and problems did you face at your previous job? You want to answer this question in a positive manner. Highlight how you turned a potentially negative situation and made it into a positive learning opportunity.  For example, “I found that accounting was a challenge for me in my previous job and so I decided to take a class at night to improve my accounting skills. Now I am confident and able to do all of my accounting tasks successfully.”
  • They may ask you “Where do you see yourself 5 years from now?” You want to answer this question with a genuine reply and at the same time, respond with an answer which will show your ongoing interest in the company. This is not a question about your personal life, the hiring manager wants to see if you plan on staying with their company long term and what your professional goals are. A good response is that you would like to continue to improve your skills and contribute to the company. Be honest with your response.

Here are some tips of what you do not want to do for your job interview:

  • Don’t be late
  • Don’t answer your phone during the job interview
  • Don’t bring a drink or food with you
  • Don’t stare at the floor or the desk (always make eye contact with the hiring manager)
  • Don’t talk too much

At the end of the job interview make sure to thank the interviewer for their time. Look them in the eyes and tell them that you are very interested in the job.

After the interview, you can send a short thank you email to the hiring manager. In the email, you can thank the hiring manager for their time and share with them that you are ready to make a contribution to the position.

Usually the company or organization will provide you with a date that they expect to make their decision.  If you don’t hear back from them by this date, then you can contact the hiring manger to see if they have made a decision.

If you got the job, congratulations! If you didn’t get the job, you can ask the hiring manager for feedback on your job interview and application. With this feedback you will be able to improve your job interview skills and do an even better interview next time.

Written by Sacha DeVoretz, blog contributor to Bell Alliance Global Immigration Services Inc.

 

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Canadian Immigration Plan 2014

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Citizenship and Immigration Minister Chris Alexander announced the Canadian Immigration Plan 2014. The main target for 2014 is to drive economic growth and position Canada for success in the future.

In 2014, Citizenship and Immigration Canada plans to welcome 240,000 to 265,000 new permanent residents, with record admissions under programs: Canadian Experience Class  and the Provincial Nominee Program.

The Economic Class will be the main focus

It is expected for the Economic class to increase to 63% in 2014, which totals 164,500 new immigrants. 37% will consist of the Family class immigrants, refugees and others under humanitarian programs.

New Intake System for Economic Immigration

The Citizenship and Immigration Canada is moving from passive economic immigration to active recruiting by introducing a new intake system named the Expression of Interest System (EOI) tentatively. This system will be examined in the year of 2014, with expected launch in 2015.

The EOI is similar to New Zealand’s immigration program and consists of two steps. Applicants will submit details of their experience, skills and other attributes electronically to Citizenship and Immigration Canada. If they meet the eligibility criteria, they will be part of a pool of candidates and ranked against others under “Expressions of Interest”.  Immigration Canada will invite the best candidates to apply for visas, including those with in-demand skills or job offers. Those that are not chosen will be removed from the pool over time. The aim is to choose the best economic class applicants, while avoiding backlog and minimizing processing times.

Canadian Experience Class

It is expected up to 15,000 economic class immigrants will become permanent residents under the Canadian Experience Class (CEC) in 2014. The Canadian Experience Class allows people who meets the minimum language requirement and have at least 1 year of skilled work experience in Canada to apply for permanent residency.  CIC has welcomed more than 25,000 permanent residents through the program.

Provincial Nominee Program

Canada plans to welcome 44,500 – 47,000 permanent residents under the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) in the year of 2014. The PNP is Canada’s second-largest economic immigration program and grown from around 1,250 landed immigrants in 2000 to close to 41,000 landed immigrants in 2012. 42% of all economic immigrants in 2012 intended to settle outside of Toronto, Montreal and Vancouver.

More details of the plan of 2014 will be released soon. For more information, please contact us.

Backgrounder:

News Release — Planning for Success, Putting Canada First

CIC: Expression of Interest (EOI): Preparing for Success in 2015

CIC: Provincial Nominee Program: Record Levels Planned for 2014

CIC: Canadian Experience Class: Reaching for New Heights in 2014

 

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How immigrants can build their credit history in Canada

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credit-history

 

Have you heard other newcomers talking about how difficult it can be to get a credit score in Canada? A credit score is like a financial report card. Creditors (creditors provide short-term loans and mortgages to purchase a home) use this report when calculating your credit-worthiness. If you have a positive credit rating you will be able to obtain a loan, mortgage and other financial products.

 

 

How can you build and protect your credit score?

Get familiar with your credit score

Know your credit history and your credit score.

Credit Score

A credit score is a calculation of your reliability with credit. If you use credit responsibly and pay your bills on time then you should have a good credit score. The companies that send you monthly bills will record how promptly you pay your bills. This will affect your credit score. You can also increase your credit score by getting a small loan, line of credit or credit card, even if you don’t require one. Many immigrants do not borrow because they do not want to have debt, but it can be helpful to have one credit card and to use it for small purchases. Just remember to pay the full balance of the credit card bill on time each month.

There are some banks in Canada that provide a service which transfers your credit score from your home country to the bank in Canada. Check with banks in your area to see if they provide this convenient service.

Review your credit report regularly

Your credit report in Canada is available to look at when you want to.  It is also a good idea to read your bank statements carefully. This can help ensure that there isn’t any incorrect information and that no one else is (fraudulently) using your credit. You can check your credit report for free at Equifax.ca. Your credit history matters, someday you may need money to buy a car, a home or start a business, so starting to build a good credit score when you arrive to Canada is a helpful idea.

Top tips for healthy credit habits

  • Apply for a credit card. Credit cards can be helpful if you decide
  • credit-history excellent

    to stay at a hotel in Canada,  shop online (some purchases may be protected using your credit card) or rent a car.

  • Keep only one or two credit cards. It will be easier to keep track of spending and also remove some of the risk by fraudulent users. Be aware that different credit cards have different interest rates. If you pay your credit card bill late, you could incur interest which will be added to your monthly bill.
  • Be careful of cash advances or cheques the credit card companies may provide to you, these can be costly and the credit card company can start charging you interest from the moment you withdraw or advance the cash from your credit card.
  • Pay your credit card, household bills and loans by the due date stated on the monthly bill. This will help improve your credit score and help you with future banking in Canada.

Remember to be aware and cautious of who you give your credit card numbers to and who has access to your credit card. Credit card companies may provide some protection if your card is lost or stolen, but you are responsible for who has access to your credit.

Speak with a bank or credit union in Canada and they can provide you with more information about credit cards and your credit score in Canada.

Written by Sacha DeVoretz, blog contributor to Bell Alliance Global Immigration Services Inc.

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Canada Immigration | BC PNP Income Thresholds Update

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BC PNP Income Thresholds Update

As a reflection of 2012 data published by Statistics Canada, the BC PNP office has recently updated income thresholds for provincial nominee applications in British Columbia. The BC PNP applications received on or before Oct 4, 2013 are going to be assessed per the antecedently published income threshold figures. Applications received after Oct 4, 2013 are going to be assessed per the present income threshold figures taken from Statistics Canada’s 2012 Low income Cut-Offs.

To view additional info regarding BCPNP, check out our  British Columbia Provincial Nominee Program page.

View Provincial Nominee Programs for alternative Provinces .

BC PNP Income Thresholds Update

Contact Us for additional information

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Schools in Canada are helping international students feel more at home

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Thousands of international students arrive to Canada each year with hopes of broadening their education and also making new local friends. International students may have a thriving education but making new Canadian friends can be a bit of a challenge.

According to a report by the Canadian Bureau for International Education the majority of foreign students say they have very few or no Canadian friends. The students want to learn more about Canadian culture and the local way of life but it may be easier to turn to school friends who speak the same language and or are international students too.

Many international students say that making local friends helps them succeed while they are studying. The University of British Columbia assists international students by providing them with a program which makes it easier for the students to make local friends and helps ease the students into their new academic life.

The University of British Columbia (UBC) provides a “Community Program”. This program is designed to help international students to become a part of the local student community. UBC provides the following tips for international students wanting to be a part of the local student scene here in Vancouver:

  •  Join a student club or peer program
  • Sign up for an intramural sports team
  • Become a volunteer
  • Join a community group

Vancouver is a diverse city with people arriving to British Columbia from around the world. International students enjoy making friends with people from their home country through local cultural groups and organizations in the city. Many of the bigger cultural groups and communities have their own cultural or faith centres. These centres are the perfect place to make new friends.

Canadian students are friendly and like to make new friends. Most local students are eager to learn about other cultures and countries. But it takes two people to be friends, international students are encouraged to reach out to Canadian students and start a conversation.

If you are an international student and thinking about working in Canada, these skills will also help you feel better and happier in the workplace too. Below are five tips for international students to build a circle of local friends and have a full social life.

  • Make friends with a wide variety of people. Try speaking with classmates in different courses. Venture off campus and attend events that interest you.
  • Don’t be embarrassed about being different. Canada is a country made of people from around the world, chances are your new local friend may have another friend from the same country.
  • Speak slowly, and ask people to repeat. Make eye contact and laugh out loud, being friendly and outgoing will make it easier for people to talk to you. Be yourself and share your interests and likes with your new Canadian friends.
  • Don’t stay in too close contact with home. It actually helps to venture out a bit on your own, spend more time making local friends than you do speaking with people back home. This will help you learn more about the local culture and enjoy your time in Vancouver.
  • Pursue your interests. If you like a certain sport or hobby, try to find groups that share the same interests, this is a great way to make local friends. Be the first person to say hello in the group.

If you are an international student try not to spend too much time with people who speak the same language. Break from the group and start a conversation with a student who sits next to you in class.

There are so many opportunities in Canada and if you are living on campus or plan to work in British Columbia all of these tips will help you start your new life and enjoy your social time that much more!

 

Written by Sacha DeVoretz, blog contributor to Bell Alliance Global Immigration Services Inc.

Visit our Study Page for more information about how to become a international student in Canada.

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Immigration Opportunities for Foreign Business Owners & Entrepreneurs – Beyond Provincial Nominee and Visa Start-Up Programs

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Immigration Opportunities for Foreign Business Owners & Entrepreneurs

Often foreign business owners and entrepreneurs who want to immigrate to Canada look to Provincial Nominee Program Business programs or the Federal Start-up Visa without exploring other options for working or living in Canada. There are over 60 immigration programs available to immigrate to Canada. It’s not just the two programs mentioned above that are open to business owners and entrepreneurs.

Here are three other pathways that are worth exploring as a foreign business owner and entrepreneur: Intra-Company Transferee Program; Intra-Company Transferee Program – Start-up; Study Permit, Student/Graduate Work Permits and Spousal Work Permits

Intra-Company Transferee

Companies that are located in Countries that have international agreements with Canada, including North America Free Trade Agreement or those countries part of the World Trade Organization, can participate in the intra-company transferee program. The foreign company must be established and be conducting business at an international level. They must also be in a working relationship with an established Canadian parent, affiliate, subsidiary or branch company. If this relationship exists, the company can transfer certain workers to work temporarily in the Canadian company. Workers who qualify must be in a senior management, executive or specialized knowledge position.

As an intra-company transferee, you can apply for a work permit without a Labour Market Opinion (LMO). In most cases when a Canadian company wants to hire a foreign national, it must apply for an LMO from Service Canada and demonstrate it cannot find a permanent resident or Canadian for the position. Service Canada then issues a positive LMO, which is submitted along with a work permit application by the foreign national. This can take weeks or months to obtain and a positive LMO is not guaranteed.

As an intra-company transferee, a work permit can be valid for up to 5 years for executives and senior managers, or 7 years for specialized knowledge workers.

And while working in a skilled position in Canada, an intra-company transferee may qualify for permanent residency through Skilled Workers and Professionals Category, Canadian Experience Class or a Provincial Nominee Program.

For more information and to determine if your business qualifies, please contact us.

Intra-Company Transferee Start-up

A foreign company can expand to Canada under the Intra-Company Transferee – Start Up program. These foreign companies send a senior executive, manager or specialized knowledge worker to temporarily help establish or expand its Canadian branch or subsidiary.

This type of application requires the foreign company to prove they have the ability for their company to become established in Canada. Documents include proof of financial means to support the start-up, business plan for staffing and doing business in Canada, and resume and qualifications of staff member being transferred. They may also need prove that a physical location has been secured or will soon be secured.

Staff members that are being transferred must be in an Executive, Managerial role or have specialized knowledge that is essential to the business start-up.

Like the regular Intra-Company transferee program, while working in a skilled position in Canada, they may qualify for permanent residency through Skilled Workers and Professionals Category, Canadian Experience Class or a Provincial Nominee Program.

For more information and to determine if your business qualifies, please contact us.

Study Permit, Student/Graduate Work Permits and Spousal Work Permits

When studying in Canada, there are options for the student and the spouse to obtain work permits, and potentially permanent residency in the future.

As a student, a foreign national can get an off-campus work permit to work part-time while studying, including starting their own business. Upon graduation, the student may qualify for an open post-graduate work permit, where they can continue building their business.

The spouse of the student can also apply for an open work permit while the student is in school and after graduation, when they have their post-graduate work permit.

Studying may work really well for a couple, where one spouse wants to study and the other can start the business on a spousal work permit. Eventually both spouses have work permits, which create opportunities to immigrate.

List of schools that qualify for the off-campus work permit or post-graduate work permit can be found here: http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/study/study-institutions-list.asp

Watch a Video about Canadian Immigration for Business Owners and Business Persons.

Check out our new Media Centre for more information.

Find out more about how to invest in Canada

To understand business options, please contact us.

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The changes to Canada’s Immigration over the past decade

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For the past decade, there has been an ongoing consistent need for immigrants in Canada. This need is in large part due to the aging population and Canada’s inability to fill labour shortages. Without immigration, Canada’s economy could experience difficulties.

Since 2003, there have been several changes to Canada’s Immigration system. Ten years ago the focus was more on permanent immigration and today Canada’s Immigration policy is centered around a higher number of temporary foreign workers. Typically these workers will work in jobs that locals will not do. The number of migrant workers in Canada in the past ten years has tripled from 101,100 to 300,210.

In 2013, there are a number of programs which these temporary foreign workers can obtain permanent immigrant status in Canada. The Canada Experience Class and Provincial Nominee Programs (which each Province will have their own unique program). These two programs provide migrant workers in Canada who have accumulated local work experience with the option to stay in Canada on a permanent basis.

During the time of 2002 and 2011, all provinces and territories, not including Ontario, saw their immigration numbers increase — Manitoba’s immigration increased three times in numbers, Alberta saw their immigration numbers double, Saskatchewan’s numbers increased five times and the highest immigration increase occurred in Prince Edward Island with their immigration numbers increasing 17 times.

Ontario immigration numbers declined, this is in large part due to the manufacturing sector experiencing losses and the other provinces being very active to recruitment newcomers. Ontario, numbers dropped from 133,600 to 99,500.

The result of the increasing number of ‘economic’ class of immigrants has been reflected in the numbers of newcomers being admitted to Canada, The numbers have grown from 137,860 to 156,120 over the past ten years. The category that has experienced a decrease are immigrants arriving under the family reunification class. These numbers have decreased from 62,300 to 56,450.

Ten years ago immigration from China and India was strong. Now, there is a shift to the Philippines as the highest number of newcomers. To escape the high unemployment in their home countries recently the skilled Irish, French and British have been arriving to Canada.

Other changes which have occurred over the past decade, are a greater value being placed on employment and the ease of integration people can make to start their new life in Canada. This includes a greater importance on language skills and younger skilled workers being able to contribute to the job market quickly.

Evaluation of a person’s previous education has changed in the past ten years. Currently, a person applying for immigration to Canada must have their  education reviewed and obtain an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) of their completed foreign educational credentials.

Over the past ten years, there has been an increased focus on filling the gaps in the labour market in Canada. Now, there are specific eligible occupations for Federal Skilled Worker applicants. Previously, the skilled worker immigration program placed more importance on work experience and education and now in 2013, the Canadian government has to be certain that the newcomers who arrive to Canada will be able to work in jobs where employers are unable to find workers.

Looking back over the past decade, the focus of Canada’s immigration policy has shifted from seeking highly educated professional to skilled workers who will be able to make a strong contribution to the work force in the shortest amount of time.

 

Written by Sacha DeVoretz, blog contributor to Bell Alliance Global Immigration Services Inc.

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Common Concerns facing newly arrived immigrants to Canada and Helpful Tips

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Common Concerns facing newly arrived immigrants to Canada and Helpful Tips

Once you have arrived to Canada you may have many questions about how to find a new home or how to enroll your children in school. These are common tasks that all new immigrants must face to start their new life in Canada.

Begin your new life in Canada

Starting your new life in Canada can be both exciting and filled with challenges. The first few weeks you will need to know what documents to have with you, what to expect in the first few days and weeks, how to find a new home and other tasks to set up your new life in Canada.

Get to know Canada

After arriving to Canada, you may be surprised how different Canada is from your home country. Over time you will learn more about Canada, the laws here, the weather and other day to day information which may help make your settlement to Canada that much easier learn about and explore here.

Get a Job in Canada

Landing your first job in Canada can be equally challenging and rewarding. You are not alone with this. Many new immigrants will find the tasks of getting their first job in Canada the most difficult part of their settlement. But it can be done!

First, prepare a Canadian style resume. A resume in Canada, may be very different from the CV or resume you had in your home country. In Canada, we do not include birthdate, religion, photo or race in a resume.

Samples use can use to create your own Canadian style resume are included in this free download “Canada Is Hiring” PDF e-book.

Learn more job tips and how you can land a job.

Household expenses

Costs can vary greatly from your home country to Canada. Prepare a budget that will suit your needs. Learn more about information that can prepare you for common household expenses.

Health care

Every Canadian citizen and permanent resident is eligible for health insurance in Canada. The health coverage will include visits to the doctor and hospital care. However, visiting the dentist and other elective medical appointments may not be covered by the health insurance.

Find a new home

Whether you are looking for a place to rent or to buy, a house or apartment, the costs of housing will vary greatly depending on where you live in Canada. In the big cities, housing can be very expensive (Vancouver is one of the most expensive places to live in the world). You can learn more at finding a place to live.

Plan your Budget

The taxes and banking may be very different in Canada than in your home country. Plan your finances and learn more about sales tax in different provinces, income tax, banking, budgeting and much more.

Register your children in school

Every child in Canada is entitled to an education free of charge. Education is paid for through the taxes which are deducted from your pay cheque and sales tax when you make a purchase on a service or good.

You can learn Canada’s official languages

If you can speak either English or French this can help you in your new life in Canada and make it much easier for you to get a job and make new Canadian friends. Training is provided at immigrant service centres and other learning centres free of charge.

 

 

Written by Sacha DeVoretz, blog contributor to Bell Alliance Global Immigration Services Inc. and author of Canada is Hiring.

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Opportunities for Foreign Talent in Vancouver’s Green Economy

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Blog by: Heather Bell

In the past half-century, Vancouver has moved from a resource to knowledge-based economy that is highly entrepreneurial and ‘green’ focused. In 2007, it was designated one of the ‘Smart21’ cities by the Intelligent Community Forum in New York for its growing innovative and expanding high technology industry (WelcomeBC, 2011). The city also ranked in the top six of best entrepreneur cities among developed countries by Global Entrepreneurship Monitor in 2008 (Invest in Canada, 2011).

Entrepreneurship is largely evident in the clean technology sector. This is a young, fast growing knowledge-based sector where 68% of the clean technology companies are small to medium sized and established in the past 10 years. This field alone was forecasted to grow to 8,400 employees in 2011, up 16.5% from 2010 (Simpson, 2011).

The growth of Vancouver’s clean technology sector is well aligned with Vancouver’s goal of becoming the greenest city in the world by 2020. The city’s focus is to develop and expand eight different sectors, ranging from green buildings products, waste management and recycling, environmental consulting, sustainability sectors to education. Currently there are 12,000 jobs within these sectors and the government intends to double this by 2020 (City of Vancouver, 2011). Undoubtedly many of these new jobs will require workers from high-skilled areas such as science, technology and engineering.

BC has adopted provincial immigration programs that aim to address the growing labour concerns in these fields. “We are not graduating enough science-oriented individuals at the moment and we’ve got a great demand, and this is where the [Provincial Nominee Program] actually comes in really handy,” said Vancouver Board of Trade CEO, Iain Black (Carmen, 2011).

There are two programs that bring workers with natural and applied sciences backgrounds to BC under the Provincial Nominee Program. The first is similar to the federal skilled worker program, where foreign nationals must have a BC employer offering them a valid job within one of the skilled categories on the National Occupation List. The second program is a three-year pilot for international graduates of a masters or doctorate degree in the natural, applied or health sciences. These graduates are not required to have a job offer to obtain permanent residency. This pilot was implemented in 2010 specifically to address the province’s skilled labour shortage in these industries (WelcomeBC, 2011).

There are also temporary work permit options for skilled foreign nationals. All international students graduating from a recognized Canadian post-secondary institute are eligible for a postgraduate work permit valid up to three years. Employers can also sponsor a skilled foreign worker for a temporary work permit. The employer must apply for a positive labour market opinion (LMO) from Human Resource and Skills Development Canada (HRSDC) and prove that they have been unsuccessful in finding a Canadian or permanent resident already in Canada for the job. While these are temporary options, they can lead to permanent residency (CIC, 2011).

While recruiting international graduates and skilled workers can offer one solution to the province’s labour shortage concerns, it’s important that these programs are accessible to employers and provide a reasonable turnaround time in terms of application processing.  Given that majority of businesses in BC are micro to small businesses, their limited knowledge or access to recruitment options, as well as their lack of time and resources, must be taken into consideration when the provincial government develops these programs.  Educating employers about these programs is key, as well as making information and applications easily accessible to the small business owner.

 

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