Citizenship and Immigration Minister Chris Alexander announced the Canadian Immigration Plan 2014. The main target for 2014 is to drive economic growth and position Canada for success in the future.
In 2014, Citizenship and Immigration Canada plans to welcome 240,000 to 265,000 new permanent residents, with record admissions under programs: Canadian Experience Class and the Provincial Nominee Program.
The Economic Class will be the main focus
It is expected for the Economic class to increase to 63% in 2014, which totals 164,500 new immigrants. 37% will consist of the Family class immigrants, refugees and others under humanitarian programs.
New Intake System for Economic Immigration
The Citizenship and Immigration Canada is moving from passive economic immigration to active recruiting by introducing a new intake system named the Expression of Interest System (EOI) tentatively. This system will be examined in the year of 2014, with expected launch in 2015.
The EOI is similar to New Zealand’s immigration program and consists of two steps. Applicants will submit details of their experience, skills and other attributes electronically to Citizenship and Immigration Canada. If they meet the eligibility criteria, they will be part of a pool of candidates and ranked against others under “Expressions of Interest”. Immigration Canada will invite the best candidates to apply for visas, including those with in-demand skills or job offers. Those that are not chosen will be removed from the pool over time. The aim is to choose the best economic class applicants, while avoiding backlog and minimizing processing times.
Canadian Experience Class
It is expected up to 15,000 economic class immigrants will become permanent residents under the Canadian Experience Class (CEC) in 2014. The Canadian Experience Class allows people who meets the minimum language requirement and have at least 1 year of skilled work experience in Canada to apply for permanent residency. CIC has welcomed more than 25,000 permanent residents through the program.
Provincial Nominee Program
Canada plans to welcome 44,500 – 47,000 permanent residents under the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) in the year of 2014. The PNP is Canada’s second-largest economic immigration program and grown from around 1,250 landed immigrants in 2000 to close to 41,000 landed immigrants in 2012. 42% of all economic immigrants in 2012 intended to settle outside of Toronto, Montreal and Vancouver.
More details of the plan of 2014 will be released soon. For more information, please contact us.
News Release — Planning for Success, Putting Canada First
CIC: Expression of Interest (EOI): Preparing for Success in 2015
CIC: Provincial Nominee Program: Record Levels Planned for 2014
CIC: Canadian Experience Class: Reaching for New Heights in 2014
Common Concerns facing newly arrived immigrants to Canada and Helpful Tips
Once you have arrived to Canada you may have many questions about how to find a new home or how to enroll your children in school. These are common tasks that all new immigrants must face to start their new life in Canada.
Begin your new life in Canada
Starting your new life in Canada can be both exciting and filled with challenges. The first few weeks you will need to know what documents to have with you, what to expect in the first few days and weeks, how to find a new home and other tasks to set up your new life in Canada.
Get to know Canada
After arriving to Canada, you may be surprised how different Canada is from your home country. Over time you will learn more about Canada, the laws here, the weather and other day to day information which may help make your settlement to Canada that much easier learn about and explore here.
Get a Job in Canada
Landing your first job in Canada can be equally challenging and rewarding. You are not alone with this. Many new immigrants will find the tasks of getting their first job in Canada the most difficult part of their settlement. But it can be done!
First, prepare a Canadian style resume. A resume in Canada, may be very different from the CV or resume you had in your home country. In Canada, we do not include birthdate, religion, photo or race in a resume.
Samples use can use to create your own Canadian style resume are included in this free download “Canada Is Hiring” PDF e-book.
Learn more job tips and how you can land a job.
Costs can vary greatly from your home country to Canada. Prepare a budget that will suit your needs. Learn more about information that can prepare you for common household expenses.
Every Canadian citizen and permanent resident is eligible for health insurance in Canada. The health coverage will include visits to the doctor and hospital care. However, visiting the dentist and other elective medical appointments may not be covered by the health insurance.
Find a new home
Whether you are looking for a place to rent or to buy, a house or apartment, the costs of housing will vary greatly depending on where you live in Canada. In the big cities, housing can be very expensive (Vancouver is one of the most expensive places to live in the world). You can learn more at finding a place to live.
Plan your Budget
The taxes and banking may be very different in Canada than in your home country. Plan your finances and learn more about sales tax in different provinces, income tax, banking, budgeting and much more.
Register your children in school
Every child in Canada is entitled to an education free of charge. Education is paid for through the taxes which are deducted from your pay cheque and sales tax when you make a purchase on a service or good.
You can learn Canada’s official languages
If you can speak either English or French this can help you in your new life in Canada and make it much easier for you to get a job and make new Canadian friends. Training is provided at immigrant service centres and other learning centres free of charge.
Written by Sacha DeVoretz, blog contributor to Bell Alliance Global Immigration Services Inc. and author of Canada is Hiring.
As of April 25th, employers and their representatives can apply for an accelerated Labour Market Opinion, called the A-LMO. This is good news for the many employers and foreign workers who have often been waiting up to 5 months for an LMO to be approved.
HRSDC’s goal is to improve the integrity of the temporary foreign worker program and labour market outcomes; as well as respond to employers’ needs efficiently and in a timely manner. We couldn’t agree more that initiatives like these are needed.
This new Initiative applies to employers hiring temporary foreign workers in higher skilled positions such as: management, professional and technical occupations from the NOC list. For now, the Initiative does not apply to the Seasonal Agricultural Worker Program, the Agricultural Stream and occupations in the film and entertainment sectors.
To be eligible, employers must:
- have been issued at least 1 positive LMO in the previous 2 years;
- have a clean record of compliance with the Program within the last 2 years;
- not have been the subject of an investigation, infraction or a serious complaint; and
- not have any unresolved violations or contraventions under provincial laws governing employment and recruitment.
If the employer is deemed eligible, the employer can apply through a paper or an online system and receive an LMO within 10 business days. For more information, visit the HRSDC site or contact us!
On February 16, 2012, Citizenship and Immigration Canada announced a new bill, Protecting Canada’s Immigration System Act, aimed to protect the integrity of the Canadian immigration system by making changes to the asylum system passed in J2010 as part of the Balanced Refugee Reform Act. The Canadian government’s goal would have several purposes, but most importantly to provide faster protection to approved refugees and faster removal of those who are denied refugee status. There are several changes that will affect all refugee claimants, both claims that are currently pending and those in the future. The bill must be passed in parliament still before coming into effect.
Source: “Facts and Figures 2010” Citizenship and Immigration Canada (2012), Graph by Author
Faster Processing times for Designated Countries of Origin
Refugee claimants from a list of Designated Countries of Origin (DCO), determined by the Minster of Citizenship and Immigration Canada, will be processed in 45 days. DCO will be countries that do not normally produce refugees, which are currently mostly European Union countries. The government gave the example of the 4,900 Hungarian refugee claims last year, of which only 2% were accepted, and many were abandon and withdrawn. All other claimants would be processed in 216 days.
Limited Appeal Rights at the Refugee Appeal Division
When the 2002 Immigration Refugee Protection Act was enacted, the Immigration Refugee and Protection Board included a fourth division, the Refugee Appeal Division. Although the division has not been implemented yet, it will allow failed refugee claimants to appeal the negative decision. Under the proposed Protecting Canada’s Immigration System Act, not all refugee claimants that have been refused will have access to the Refugee Appeal Division. Those that will not have access to the Appeal division, nor have an automated stay of removal, are denied claimants that:
- Are from Designated Countries of Origin
- Fall under the Safe Third Country Agreement (currently claimants that claim refugee at a Canada-USA land border crossing)
- Were designated irregular arrivals
- Made a refugee claim to the Immigration and Refugee Board before the Refugee Appeal Division comes into effect (i.e. those in backlog)
- Made an application to end a person’s protected person status (i.e., cessation or vacation of protected person status)
- Made manifestly unfounded claims, with no credible basis
The right to apply to the Federal Court for a review of the negative decision will remain.
Timely Removals from Canada
Currently it takes an average of five years to remove a failed refugee claimant from Canada. Citizenship and Immigration Canada wants to improve the speed that removals of denied refugee claims occur. There are several proposed measures. One measure is to prevent denied refugee claimants from accessing Humanitarian and Compassionate consideration for one year. Additionally, they will not be allowed to submit a Humanitarian and Compassionate application while their refugee claim is pending. They would be allowed to withdraw their refugee cause to apply for H&C.
Serious Criminals unable to make a Claim
Under the Protecting Canada’s Immigration System Act, serious criminals will not have access to the Immigration and Refugee Board to make a refugee claim in Canada.
Biometric Data for Temporary Resident Applicants
The Protecting Canada’s Immigration System Act will allow the Canadian government to collect biometric data of temporary resident visa applicants, study permit applicants and work permit applicants. Biometric data includes fingerprints and digital photos. The goal is to reduce the number of fraudulent identity documents.
Other Proposed Changes
- Hearing by public servant decision makers according to proposed time lines: within 30 days for inland DCO claimants; 45 days for Port of Entry DCO claimants; and 60 days for all non-DCO claimants.
- No subsequent Pre-Removal Risk Assessment for one year following negative decision.
- Refugee claims cannot be re-opened once a decision has been made at the higher level (i.e. Refugee Appeal Division or Federal Court)
Criticism of New Act
Given the total processing times before a decision is made, the increasing number of abandoned or refused refugee claims and the many years it may take to remove a failed refugee claimant, there is an urgent need to improve Canada’s Refugee System. While the Protecting Canada’s Immigration System Act proposes several measures to address these issues, it is not without its criticisms. These include:
- Restricting access to the Refugee Appeal Division may result in the persecution of genuine refugees
- The elimination of a committee of independent experts that would advise the government on the “safe country” list may allow political pressures to stand in the way of a fair, judicial process
- The Act gives too much power to the Minister and for decisions to be politically motivated
- Short processing times may prevent refugee claimants from having adequate time to prepare their cases or to appeal refused cases
For more information, visit:
Citizenship and Immigration CanadaGlobal and Mail